Best Sage Plant Care Easily Explained In 8 Steps!

Sage plant care – Sage is fantastic to cultivate in the garden and on the balcony. The half-shrub would also like to find a warm and sunny place.

Here, ordinary plant soil is sufficient, loosened up a little with sand. When watering, you must ensure that no waterlogging occurs – moderate watering is entirely enough for the sage.

Just as sparingly, the sage in the pot is getting supplied with fertilizer. The first choice here is organic fertilizer.

The sage can remain well protected on the house’s wall and the balcony with proper winter protection in very mild climates.

However, it is better to move to a frost-free winter home in climatically not select areas. Lets us check out the facts.

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Sage plant care correctly in summary

Sage plant care correctly in summary explained
Sage plant care correctly, in summary, explained / Image by congerdesign from Pixabay

The correct care of sage is critical for it to thrive. You should therefore observe a few points when handling your sage. Here you will find the most important care tips:

  1. Sage prefers a warm and sunny location, ideally protected from the wind.
  2. Do not overwater the sage, watering too little rather than too much. Sage can also tolerate a dry phase now and then.
  3. It is best to plant sage on a gravel layer, as this allows heat to be stored. Ensure to keep a distance from other plants. A length of about 35 centimeters is getting recommended.
  4. It would help if you cut back the sage in spring and autumn. Shorten the shoots by about half, but be careful not to cut too much. Otherwise, the sprouts may not grow back.
  5. Do not overfertilize the sage. Sage reacts sensitively to this and, in the worst case, stops sprouting.
  6. Ideally, it would help if you hibernated your sage indoors. However, this is not always necessary.
  7. It would help if you only spent the winter outside when the temperatures are remarkably mild. However, this is not usually the case. It would help if you protected plants that spend the winter outside accordingly. It is best to cover the sage, for example, with leaves.
  8. Especially sage that grows in pots should be getting stored in the cellar for the winter. The plants cannot tolerate frost at all. Only when the cold season is safely over should, you put the sage outside again. It is usually the case in April.

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Plant sage outdoors from April

Plant sage outdoors from April
Sage plant care – Plant sage outdoors from April / Image by Wolfgang Eckert from Pixabay

Sage loves stony, dry limestone soil and full sunny locations without waterlogging and can be sown from April, like in the greenhouse from March. 

Place the seed in moist soil, press it down and cover with a bit of mud. Carefully watered, sage germinates in 7 to 21 days. In mid-May, the sage plants should be placed in the open at 35 by 35 centimeters intervals

It is quicker to plant offshoots and cuttings, which are placed in the soil. You should apply fertilizer in moderation. Fresh manure damages the barren soil of the Mediterranean plants, which thrive better with well-rotten compost. 

You can give small sage amounts of complete fertilizer from March of the second year every four weeks. But be careful with too much care; Sage stops flowering when over-fertilized.

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How to harvest sage properly?

How to harvest sage properly?
Sage plant care – How to harvest sage properly? / Image by cferrigno426 from Pixabay

With the flowering varieties of kitchen sage, the plant goes into a resting period after flowering. It reduces the aroma in the leaves, and less green is getting formed overall. 

The rule of thumb for flowering varieties is to harvest the leaves at the beginning of flowering. However, there is a trick to preventing the plants from dormancy: you have to remove the flowers early. 

It prevents the plant from forming seeds – and it has virtually not reached its goal, and it must now continue to grow.

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Drying and using sage

Drying and using sage
Sage plant care – Drying and using sage / Image by Jerneja Ribnikar from Pixabay

After harvesting, you can tie the branches with a string to form a bouquet and hang them upside down in a dry place. 

The best way to do this is to stretch a clothesline across the floor or pantry and tie the sage bouquets. 

It is the best way to dry the leaves. You can use both fresh and dried leaves in moderation for seasoning Mediterranean dishes and meat.

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Sage propagating and cutting

Sage propagating and cutting
Sage plant care – Sage propagating and cutting / Image by Laura2310 from Pixabay

If the plants become too woody after a few years, new semi-shrubs can quickly be grown from the harvested seeds. But cuttings can also develop the sage. 

The shoots are shortened by half in autumn but not too far into the lignified parts. Otherwise, there is a risk that no new shoots will grow back.

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Frost protection for the sage in winter

Frost protection for the sage in winter
Sage plant care – Frost protection for the sage in winter / Image by Wolfgang Eckert from Pixabay

Layed out brushwood or fir branches protect against frost in the cold season. Those who keep sage on the balcony or in pots should take it into the house in winter or protect the banks with jute bags or fleece. 

By the way, the green leaves remain visible in winter. It would help to cut the shoots back to about 15 centimeters in spring; this way, the sage will always sprout lushly and evenly.

Master gardener advises keeping the time in winter quarters as short as possible and as long as necessary. During a mild period in winter, it is best to put the pots directly back outdoors. 

Because in winter storage, the plants often do not reach enough light. They then form soft, long, and sometimes also lighter shoots. The experts call this horny. 

It weakens the plants, and these shoots are susceptible to lice and other pests.

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FAQ Sage Plant Care

Which location does sage need?

Location and soil – Sage generally likes a warm and sunny place with porous, not too nitrogen-rich soil. The plants also thrive well in flowerpots and balcony boxes with a humus-rich substrate.

How to care for sage in a pot?

Sage thrives beautifully in a pot – water young sage regularly without causing waterlogging. Older specimens should be getting watered moderately when the substrate has dried well. Supply organic liquid fertilizer every two weeks, from March to August.

When should sage be cut back?

Sage can be planted from early spring until long into autumn, and the perennial is hardy and shoots with young shoots in spring. Keep a space of about 15 cm from other plants because “Salvia Nemorosa” cannot develop optimally if the planting is too dense.

Can sage be cut back?

Cut back the natural sage only when no more severe frosts are expected – depending on the region, this is the case from the end of February to mid-March. Like the other semi-shrubs mentioned, sage needs pruning every year to keep it compact.

How is sage watered?

How is sage adequately watered? – Water young sage regularly and generously. Allow the soil to dry between waterings. From the second year on, water only when there is no rain, and in winter, water occasionally does not freeze.

What goes well with sage in a pot?

Among the biennial or perennial herbs, the following harmonize particularly well and can be getting placed close to each other: Tarragon, sage, chives, thyme, lemon balm. Savory, oregano, sage. Tarragon, pimpernel, lemon balm. Borage, dill, chervil, marjoram, parsley.

How can sage winter?

In mild locations, the herb can winter well outdoors. Nevertheless, we should protect it: In autumn, it is best to cover the plant with leaves or fir branches to prevent it from being exposed to permafrost. Sage planted in pots should ideally be stored in the garage or cellar in a relaxed but frost-free place.

When should sage be harvested and dried?

Sage is incredibly aromatic shortly before flowering, and harvesting and drying the shoots at this time preserves the full flavor. Depending on the variety, sage blooms between June and August. Harvest sage on a dry, warm day, preferably late morning.

Can sage winter?

Winter-hardy sage includes the famous meadow sage (Salvia pratensis), which can survive climates as low as -40 degrees Celsius.

Can sage be eaten after flowering?

Salvia officinalis, genuine sage, and many other widespread species can be used without hesitation as a spice and making tea. Sage leaves, flowers, and roots are edible, and the height has the mildest taste.

How often does sage bloom?

From May to July, sage blooms on long stems with many small flowers in shades of violet. The 40 to 60-centimeter high half-shrub is also suitable for a flower bed.

Why doesn’t sage bloom?

It probably gets too much fertilizer and water—dry, fertile soil, but well-drained, calcareous, the soil with sand, little nitrogen.

When do I cut back ornamental sage?

As a rule, we can cut ornamental sage healthy year-round. However, we should carry out more extensive pruning operations at a particular time. Cutting the withered inflorescences is done in summer, after the first flowering, so that a second flowering phase can occur in autumn.

How can sage be propagated?

Sage can be propagated using cuttings best grown between July and late summer. When breeding, the plant should not flower. Choose a young shoot at least 6 cm long and cut it off under the leaf crown.

Can sage be harvested all year round?

Sage is an evergreen half shrub. In theory, you could harvest it all year round – even in winter.


Due to its versatility, sage should not be missing in any herb garden. The heat-loving medicinal plant also adds a touch of Mediterranean flair to your kitchen. Salvia officinalis is also easy to cultivate and can be propagated easily if necessary.

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Last Updated on 18/03/2022 by Buzz This Viral